Contributors for Gang Involvement

Personal
  • Low motivation / aspirations
  • Low self-esteem
  • Behavior and discipline problems
  • Chemical use / abuse
  • Negative involvement with peers, teachers, police, etc.
  • Conflicting values about education

School
  • Teacher expectations are low
  • Poor education
  • Non-effective attendance system
  • Lack of effective discipline system
  • Poor physical environment
  • Lack of crisis intervention
  • Poor relations between the school and community
Community
  • Lack of knowledge / denial of gang problems
  • Lack of community support services
  • Lack of recreation facilities
  • High transient population
  • Presence of older gang members in community; particularly ex-convicts
  • Lack of community and school linkages

Family
  • Stressful home life
  • Single-parent households
  • Non-English speaking parents
  • Parental non-involvement with school
  • Lack of proper discipline
  • Abuse or neglect
  • Chemical use at home
  • Permissive social attitudes / permissive truancy attitudes
  • Difficulty in bridging cultural differences between country of origin and the U.S.